A family waits for food aid in an IDP camp in Diffa, Niger. (©Arno Trümper/adelphi)

Climate impacts and conflict have eroded social cohesion which leaves people less able to cope with shocks. The violence has altered relations between families, generations and workers, for example, by heightening natural resource conflicts as land rights and resources access come under increased pressure due to the influx of displaced people, restricted access to land and climate change. Trust between the government and local communities has also diminished in some Lake Chad countries due to reported human rights violations by state security forces.