A teacher and headmaster during lunch break in a school in Niger’s Diffa Region. (©Arno Trümper/adelphi)

For many, life in humanitarian aid camps is their first experience receiving social services such as education, health, water, sanitation and energy. Access to social services is critical not just to break dependence on aid and help communities build their resilience to crises, but also to build a social contract between the state and citizens.